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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 17, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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yellen's exiled government declares that the southern port city of aden has been liberated. but the fighting goes on. ♪ ♪ i am jane dutton, you are watching al jazerra. also on the program. one year on from mh17, few answers and still no justice for the 298 people killed when the jet was brought down. a gunman kills four marines at a u.s. navy building in tennessee. german m.p.s are voting on the
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85 billion euro greek bailout. ♪ ♪ yemen's government says the southern port city of aden has been liberated from houthi rebels. the leadership in exile says the province is now under the control of fighters loyal to the government. the announcement comes after they took control of aden's seaport and its international airport. senior ministers return to aden on thursday, three months after being forced to flee. president hadi is telling yemenis a victory in aden is just the beginning of retaking control of the nation, but clashes are still going on in the southern city fighters loyal to the government say they are still battling houthis and rebel militias in pockets on the outskirts. let's bring in a political analyst joining me now from the
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capital sanaa. good to have you with us. got forces saying they have liberated aden. what does that actually mean nothing. >> it means that they pretty much more or less have corolla den right now. there are still pockets of houthis here and there but they are small groups of fighters that are still bunkered down in small areas, they are being cleared out. there have been airstrikes in aden since the morning. still small clashes. i wouldn't say fully pledged fighting but they have been cleared out. for everybody's concern aden has been liberated from the houthis of a saleh force. >> the president is saying some sort of celebrations are in order. and this is a good sign. do you think this could be leading up to a tipping point? >> it is actually a major tipping points but i wouldn't be as optimistic as the president. the president is saying now aden will be a base of operations where he will be launching the major operation of liberating
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the whole of yemen from the houthis starting from aden. i wouldn't go that far. the people who fought in the resistence, the southern resistence have no interest in fight being battles all the way to sanaa. their interest is basically liberating the south. >> okay, let's talk a little bit about sanaa. you said that the president wants to liberate the entire country. of course he would want do that. how hard will that be considering how much land the houthis are in control of, including sanaa. >> the houthi have his a lot of loyalists in the north. not just their forces, they have the tribal federations and confederations online with the houthis. hadi the resistence constitutes 90% of the force that actually took aden. that force is not willing to go up to the north. so hadi doesn't have that much of a force to liberate the
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north. >> thanks for telling us what's going on. egyptian security forces have shot and killed six people, they were taking part in an anti coup protest after eid prayers in giza province. hundreds took to the streets angry over the military's use of force against civilians. demonstrators were calling for the ousted president to be reinstated. two police officers injured at a checkpoint in the capital riyadh. it happened on a road lead to go a prison a high security facility. the bomber was a teenager on the run after allege i had big killing his uncle. two separate bomb blasts have hit northeastern nigeria ripping through a market and killing at least 50 people. the attacks took place late on thursday afternoon. no one has yet claimed responsibilities but it is suspected to be the work of boko
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haram who have stepped up attacks across nigeria in recent months. growing calls for a u.n. tribunal to investigate the downing of mh17 over eastern ukraine last yi. britain has joined the netherlands and australia in pushing for this. ing a justice must be reached for the victims. they have gathered outside kiev to mark one year since the plane was shot down. 298 people were aboard the plane and skilled. 2/3 of them were dutch. early investigations suggest a russian-made missile was used to take down the plane as it flew over rebel-held territory. we'll talk about that more with emma hayward in moscow, but first the ceremony and events happening today. >> reporter: it there was a small church service in the village where the crash happen the the crash site several hundred people have gathered
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coming from different parts of the region in ukraine to remember the 298 victims of that crash. now, we understand there are no relatives of the 298 victims presumably many of them feel it is either too painful to go back to that site or too dangerous. it still is under the control of the separatists although there is no fighting there at the moment. but this service really to remember and also a chance for the local people who witnessed this, for them to reflect on what happened 12 months ago. >> what is being said there in russia about what happened and the growing calls for a u.n. tribunal to investigate the crash? >> reporter: well, this anniversary is of course being marked by the russian media. but this idea of a try brownal has not gone down well here. the russian president vladimir putin had a conversation with the dutch prime minister yesterday and said this tribunal would be prema too you are and
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counterproductive. sergei lavrov the russian foreign minister says he believesbelieves any kind of tribunal that washington believes it knows already who is difficulty so clearly this is not what the russians wants. they believe that the findings of their investigators have not been looked at properly. of course there are different versions of events of what happened a year ago. many russians still believe ukraine was behind it. ukraine has denied it. that event was a turning point in souring relations between russia and the west. >> thank you for that, emma hayward this germany's parliament is debating whether to allow a new greek bailout expected to be worth 85 billion euros, we are being look at live pictures now, we believe the debate will sort any minute now the with angela merkel at the helm. one of several e.u. country's whose parliament must sign off on the debt.
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it is expected to pass with the support of angela merkel. dominic kane is live in berlin, how easy or hard will this be for her come snick? >> reporter: we understand that 48 members might vote against the resolution, clearly we will get a very good sense of how domestically politically germany feels about another bailout for greece, and clearly the decision here will reverberate around the euro seen. and to discuss that i am joined by mr. olaf from the european council on foreign relations based in berlin. what will this tell us about the conservative alliance here and about the way politics here in germany views grease greece? >> not only the temperature outside but also inside the building. the parliament is increasal increasing.
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the debate is more polarized than it was six months ago, you have two camps in parliament one in favor of germany and again greece and the other in favor of greece and against germany to say. we are moving out of the comfort zone and the numbers you mentioned are a clear indicate fore that. that miss merkel has to -- she can't be sure that her majority is back all the political steps towards this rescue package what's going on for so many times. >> reporter: there is a sense among the opinion polls here in germany suggest that very many people in germany really distrust the greek government. many ordinary german voters distrust the greek government and wonder whether more money is a good idea s there a thought perhaps that the german government is moving beyond the people? it's not representative of what the people really think? >> i think for the time being we still have a 50/50 majority or maybe 52/48 at the moment in favor of the rescue package.
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so as long as the government and i think this is pretty much backed up by the credibility of the finance minister who made a very strong statement in this negotiations who more or less guaranteed that the eurozone members made their point and the greek government in a way send accepted these conditions as long as he and merkel are backing this they are in a good way. but as i said, we have a polarized discussion. unfortunately, so also coming up -- with the lack of information, that is still germany is making good money out of this crisis at the moment. german banks are making good business in greece still. so therefore a little bit more balanced discussion would be i think necessary and this is, of course the big questions are if miss merkel will be willing to give a speech today, which is going in the directions calming
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down everybody and saying we have to come a constructive conclusion, including everybody including the greece. >> thank you very much. that is the question, will there be a majority in the pun pun dez tag giving them the details for the bailout. if they do they will have to the vote for the full package. if the vote goes through today it's likely to go through then. back to you jane. >> thanks, dominic. we have been listening to angela america and she is make that go opening it had ads as we expected. she described the greek drama and called on those and europe to imagine what it must be like to experience what the greeks have been expensing. on a daily bay we'll update on you anything else she says ahead of the vote. the greek government announced banks will reopen on monday crashing economy and
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strict credit controls have created huge problems for small businesses. al jazerra's mohamed went to meet the owner of an athens bookstore who is fight to go keep it open. >> reporter: at athens' free thinking zone concept bookstore you'll find everything from bro sures to best sellers literature to legal guides. a wealth of knowledge lining every wall, filling each shelf. >> it's what is called statement books or activist book shop. different from the traditional ones of the owner believe that his in greece, the birth place of democracy, there should always be an abundance of activist. active -- activism. but says the idea of complaining for causes has become harder for find and fund. >> there is a deficit in comprehension to each other's opinions. a deficit in toll runs of one
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another's opinions so i decided to do this book shop to be an activist place where we are discussed things that are forgotten easily when you have a financial crisis. >> reporter: she opened her doors three years ago and for most of that time, thought her bookstore had struck the perfect balance between art ideals and commerce. but all of that has changed. common areas of the shop, once filled with loyal customers are now empty. pages report being turned. coffees aren't be served. sales have come to a stands still. as patrons of this once bustling up stale neighborhood now stay home. it was sock socrates, a greek philosopher who taught the world to think grit klee. encouraging discussion and debate. long standing intellects tull pursuit, she is proud to be part of. traditions she insists must go on.
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firm fee books naturally have their own place of honor in the free-thinking zone, but these days they are not bringing her she is tired of all the del deal drama. much comfort. >> we don't have to agree on everything. no democracies don't agree. they have to compromise in order to move ahead one step and then one at the point step, one step. this is progress. >> reporter: she hopes against hope that her country will be finally able to close this ugly economic chapter and that greece will once and for all be able to pursue a better, more prosperous future. al jazerra athens. muslims around the world are celebrating ed al fetter, but 2 million people prayed in mecca, the holiest city in islam. the 3-day festival marks end of ramadan when muslims fast from dawn until is up set for a month. eid is a time for family gatherings exchanging gifts and new clothes markets and shops in jordan's capital have been a
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buzz with excitement in the spirt of giving a local which are charity there has set up a clothes bank holding out garments for those in need. celebrations are moot ed in parts of the gaza strip people have there have been preparing by making biscuits many are still living amongst rubble one year after the 50-day conflict between hamas and israel. much more ahead. a special report from iran. people hoping for better times following the nuclear deal. and an a-plus study in success, the south african school that keeps refugees children in the classroom.
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>> government committees. >> they're spending money, they're not saving it. >> costing millions and getting nothing. >> it's a bogus sham. >> america tonight investigates. money for nothing. >> they've gotten away with it for years.
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♪ ♪ again, here is a reminder of our stop top stories on al jazerra. yemen's exiled government declares aden liberated. it comes after days of battling with the country's hugy rebels. growing calls for a u.n. dry brownal to investigate the downing of mh17 last year. memorials are being held to mark the first an vice verse rift crash. i'll all 298 people aboard were killed. germany's parliament is debating grays' bailout. we are looking at live pictures coming from there now. oneone of several e.u. countries that must sign off on the deal. looking at why a man opened fire on two military officers in
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the state of tennessee, four marines were killed as well as the gunman. >> reporter: the glen man gunman targeted two solo indication says over a half an hour first military recruitment center in a shopping september. one marine injured higher. then he throve drove a navel and marine fa i would s here four were killed before the gunman himself died. he was described as having numerous weapons. >> what we do know is that somebody brutally and braids enly attacked members of our armed services. >> reporter: the gunman was named by the fbi. a naturalized u.s. sid sen originally from could kuwait. he was 24 years old. in april he had been aest rest booed i police while up cock intoxicated. they are looking in to whether he was inspired by isil or similar groups. from the president downwards they have stressed that investigations are at a
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preliminary stage. >> i would ask all american to his pray for the families who are grief stricken at this point. i want everybody to understand that we will be thorough and prompt in figuring out what happened. >> reporter: some federal facilities were increasing security but out of an abundance of precaution and jay johnson warned against what he called unconfirmed and possibly false reports that have been circulated about the incidents. al jazerra. a 16-year-old american teenager who was the sole survive irrelevant of a plane crash in washington has spoken about her ordeal. >> it was just all trees and then fire. >> she was flying with her grandparents last weekend when they lost visibility and flew to trees, she spent two nights alone in the woods before following the river downstream to safety.
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the iranian nuclear deal has led many to ask who will benefit the most. iranians are open. it will lift their economy. >> reporter: he is an executive in a car parts victory west of teheran, he's lake many iranians we met. hesitant to talk politics but eager to tell us given a choice between the nuclear ambitions and the country's economic pros tear pare atprosperity he would choose i want grating iran back in to the economy. >> translator: in this unique moment and time iran needs to move away from oil dependency and move to a more procedure ducks based economy. >> reporter: it's part of iran's auto industry. one of the largest in asia. in materials of production output. it's second only to iran's oil and gas industry. he said the sanctions forced him to make parts stripped of importing them. now that sanks are about to be lifted. he thinks iran is ready to
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export cars to the world. in addition to oils and cars, sanctions have taken a bite out of the parisian carpet industry. a few years ago business was so good, he was sending a shipping container full of carpets to the united states every week. but the sanctions stopped that. >> translator: some 20% of our population is involved in this industry, we have coloring workshops, sellers dealers when we can't export our product abroad. we have to depends on local did did manned which is impossible to rely on ourselves. we'll see a boom in our industry if sanctions lifted. >> reporter: the sanctions are among some of the toughest ever impose odd a country and the effect has been rampant inflation, let my give you an example. in my hands i have 3 million of the currency unit divide ed in to 5,000 notes, this is worth
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$100, three years ago is this was worth $250. they buy gold. and he says his jewelry business does well in good times and bad. he says iran's plummeting currency poses challenges to doing business. >> we have differences for one day, and sometimes in one hour, we have so many different prices. it causes us many problems. >> reporter: despite the hardship sanctions pose for most try rainiranians. but others say they have opportunities that wouldn't have been there for them otherwise. he's founder of a technology firm that's taken off with a youtube-like product that's a hit with a ryne vinnie on his line. >> sanctions increased our croft of research and development because we weren't allowed to collaborate with foreign
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countries abroad but we benefited from the sanctions because they forced us to develop products and services on our own targeting a captive market. still i think once sanctions are lifted we will be able to deliver our product with more efficiency. >> reporter: now that a deal on iran's nuclear program is in place, many in iran are hopeful that the chances for opportunity and economic prosperity will only grow. ali velshi, al jazerra. now on you some refugees are solving their issues instead of relying on aid. one is the albert street school where students are mostly refugees. and as we report from johannesburg it's proving to be a success. >> reporter: if it were not for the school in johannesburg's inner-city, emma would have nowhere to go. as zimbabwean refugees, the
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16-year-old began attending classes at albert street school six years ago. >> i couldn't communicate with the south african local languages, and so my father decided to bring me here to albert where i could continue the same curriculum with the one from zim. >> reporter: the school was opened after violence against foreigners began in 2008. one of the founders and a refugees himself william says they had to find a way to keep refugees children in the classroom when they could not attends local schools. >> there was a lot of demands from the parents who were refugees in south africa and were having difficulties of registering their children in the local schools when they go there, there is a need of a birth certificate. a need to transfer, there were challenges. >> reporter: the school has grown from 35 students in its first year to 10 times that amount today. its teaching staff is made up
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also of refugees, but says the school's depend is a on donor funding and a lack of resources are challenging. despite those obstacles. the school has had a hundred percent final year pass rate for the last two years. some of the highest results were achieved in mathematics and science, subjects government schools in south africa are struggling with. at the end of their high school career learners here qualify with a cambridge certificate. instead of south africa's matriculation qualifications. >> it is sends all over the world and also the advantage that this diploma has when these children go back to their countries this will be able to contribute to the economy development of their countries. >> reporter: while schools across south africa are officially closed senior students at albert street school prepare for their final year-end examinations. many of them knowing they have already beat the odds. al jazerra johannesburg.
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art was once the domain of i understand's elite but internet growth and easier access has led to more middle classes choose to go invest their cash. faiz jamil reports from mumbai. >> reporter: she has had her work displayed in several traditional galleries. it's also traditional buyers who have come to see and sometimes buy her work. >> the art lovers, then somebody wants to invest in a painting or somebody just wants to decorate their house having a beautiful piece of art. >> reporter: good, original art is outside the budget of most people. but that's changing. >> i don't think so. [ inaudible ] >> reporter: the girls in india's -- the growth in india's middle class over the past 20 years has put more purchasing power in its hands with the increasing availability many now find art appealing. >> they can actually understand art now, i couldn't understand
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picasso and van gogh or whatever and it's more affordable. >> reporter: and that affordability is not just benefiting buyers, for artists gaining a reputation and getting their work in to galleries like this for viewing by critics and buyers used to take years now the spread and availability of original art means even knew artists can show off their work and sell it. along with word of mouth and community art sales, there are websites featuring hundreds of artists and their work. >> when it comes to the community there is a much better enhanced discovery of artistses out there that nobody knows. >> reporter: and that's helping up and coming artists get the exposure and financial help they need. continuing their work and try to turn it in to a career. >> so this website puts your artwork and allows people to buy it more and more people can see it and also it has this section in which they prints the or work or merchandise. so that will become more.
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[ inaudible ] to the common public. >> reporter: while traditionalists worry it madey rode the tradition of fine art some believing it's an opportunities to widen the appeal. >> what's important is the existing infra structure is cognizant of what's going on at this mass level and able to pick up the most interesting talents from people who are going it alone. >> reporter: art is still the domain i've small section of indian society. but its popularity is slowly working its way to make art a more common appreciation. faiz jamil, al jazerra mumbai. the largest-winged dinosaur ever found has been dug up in north eastern china. scientists unearthed a spectacularly preserved nearly complete fossil of a feathered dinosaur with wings. the fossil is named. [ inaudible ] or droning after the farmer who found the bones.
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it's thought that it the dinosaur lived about 125 million years ago. there is the website updated 24 hours a day with all of the news, what's going on around the world as it breaks, unique way. a show about science by scientists . lindsay moran, science versus the deaf takings of ptsd. soldiers december pri battle. kosta grammatis is behind the wheel of the future